▲   Denken und Wissenschaffen

Hans-Josef Heck

What Philosophy and Science did not detect
Science and Research are blocked

Version 0.2.0b  -   29.07.-02.08.2018
 •  Up till now, we did not reckognise,  that our thinking is
able, to create FOUR basically different products of thought.
As each of these four kinds of brainwork has a different
function, we may not not interlink, intermix or process
products of functionally different kinds with each other,
without  creating  chaos  and  nonsense.
That each of the following four brainworks serves
a totally different function, can easily be seen.
 1  We gain knowledge
about the world, in which we live.
 2  We agree on rules,
how we will deal with one another.
 3  We create new worlds such as
logic, music, mathematics, games, ...
 4  We generate means for representing and documenting
each of these four kinds of brainwork.
 •  Up till now, we did not reckognise,  that
knowledge.creating is acting in the real world.
The approach, to create knowledge about knowledge.creating
by means of a self-created world of logic  was prone to fail.
 •  Up till now, we did not reckognise,  that we internalised
unverifiable assumptions as presuppositions  which hinder
us on  - consciously and consistently -  thinking about and
doing research on our  thinking  and  knowledge.creating.
As we have to create knowledge  to be able to survive
evolution has gifted us with the urge to gain knowledge.
With the result  that in the course of our evolution
we have accumulated  a lot of brainwork
that will not stand up to scrutiny.
On growing up  we internalised all this brainwork.
We cling to it,
 •  as the objectives, we internalised,
constitute the communities, we want to live in, and
 •  as the objectives let us deduce the criteria,
we need for our decision taking.
That's why it is difficult to do research on
the fundamental giveness of the universe.
As the sciences of science¹)  are not  aware
of this, their doing research is in a deadlock.
 •  This treatise presents fundamentally new insights.
As we - when growing up - internalised unverifiable
assumptions and narratives, we are inclined to compare
the new insights with these assumptions and narratives.
But the new insights can only be verified
by applying them on the reality.
 •  Our knowledge.creating about the giveness
and the manner of funtioning of the reality
has to gain knowledge, that is verifiable.
 •  As we - up till now - did not differentiate between the four
funktionally different brainworks, our methodical approach
has somewhat gone off the rails.
Knowledge  can only be gained by  observing.
Knowledge can be gained
neither by agreeing  nor by creating  nor  by generating.
Knowledge has to be verifiable against reality.
 •  Knowledge.creating must have a function.
To be able to act successfully
we have to set a function and we have to gain knowledge
about what is taking.place in the real world
so that we are able to control the execution process
to possibly achieve the functional goal, we set.
 •  The assumption that all and everything had a beginning
inhibits the insight, that all taking.place has
to have a function  in order to stay in existence.
Functionality  is
the condition for the existence of the universe.
The assumption
the  cause  -  as the earlier part of a taking.place -  were
"responsibly" deciding  for the existence of the universe
is not correct.
Therefore the search for a  principle of causality
could not be successful²)
 •  Up till now, we did not reckognise,  that any  claim for
absoluteness  will inhibit any knowledge.creating.
Science and scociety still demand for  truth  as well as for
objectivity  and  neutrality  as absolute "standards".
The belief, that we had to search for  truth  is still being
held by the  Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)³).
The hope for  objectivity  respectively  neutrality  is not only
held by the DFG, but is also implied in global projects such
as  Wikipedia  or as a claim for  neutrality of journalists
in media like  DIE  ZEIT⁴).
The  claim for absoluteness  inhibits  to set a function
for our knowledge.creating  or  our acting.
But without a function,  without a WHATFOR,  any 'answer'
is useless, good for nothing  and therefore  not verifiable.
But as  scientifical  can only be claimed
what can be used for  - what it was created for -
and  what can be verified anytime by anyone.


Annex  1:  Annotations

¹)   Sciences of Science  are
philosophy of science
theory of science
²)    edoc.bbaw.de/frontdoor/index/index/docId/828
Debatte 5 – Kausalität
Streitgespräche in den Wissenschaftlichen Sitzungen
der Versammlung der Berlin-Brandenburgischen Akademie
der Wissenschaften am 9. Dezember 2005 und 5. Mai 2006
Harald Fritzsch, Siegfried Großmann, Martin Hellwig,
Reinhold Kliegl, Christoph Markschies,
Jürgen Mittelstraß, Jürgen Osterhammel,
Ortwin Renn, Christine Windbichler, Anton Zeilinger
Ash, Mitchell;  Bredekamp, Horst;  Fritzsch, Harald;
Gethmann, Carl Friedrich;  Großmann, Siegfried;
Hasinger, Günther Gustav;  Hellwig, Martin;
Klein, Wolfgang;  Kliegl, Reinhold;  Lucas, Klaus;
Markl, Hubert;  Markschies, Christoph;  Menzel, Randolf;
Mittelstraß, Jürgen;  Nida-Rümelin, Julian;
Osterhammel, Jürgen;  Renn, Ortwin;  Rösler, Frank;
Sauer, Joachim;  Scheich, Henning;  Voßkamp, Wilhelm;
Wagner, Rudolf;  Windbichler, Christine;  Zeilinger, Anton
³)   Die Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) setzt noch heute
als Aufgabe der Wissenschaft die  Suche nach Wahrheit.
Sie schreibt in ihrer
  Denkschrift zur Sicherung guter wissenschaftlicher Praxis:
"Forschung  im idealisierten Sinne  ist Suche nach Wahrheit."
In:  Sicherung guter wissenschaftlicher Praxis - Denkschrift
Safeguarding Good Scientific Practice - Memorandum
  • Empfehlungen der Kommission
    „Selbstkontrolle in der Wissenschaft“
    Recommendations of the Commission on
    Professional Self Regulation in Science
    S.40, "2.1  Normen der Wissenschaft"
    Print-ISBN 978-3-527-33703-3
© 1998, erste Auflage, WILEY-VCH Verlag, Weinheim
© 2013, ergänzte Auflage, WILEY-VCH Verlag, Weinheim
⁴)    Debatte zum Thema „Journalist und Aktivist” in 2013/2014